HIS SONS : SAHIBZADAS
As said already, Guru Gobind Singh had four sons. Out of respect theyare called Sahibzadas, and the epithet ‘Baba’ is attached to their names.
Baba Ajit Singh
The Guru’s eldest son, Baba Ajit 1 Singh, was born on Magh Sudi 4(23rd of Magh), 1743 Bk,. corresponding to January 7, 1687 A.D. Fromchildhood he obtained the sort of training that befitted the saint-soldiersof Guru Gobind Singh. He acquired wonderful proficiency in the useof all weapons, especially the bow and the arrow. He was also anexcellent swordsman.
He was a strong and brave warrior. He began to take part in theGuru’s wars very early in life and performed astonishing deeds ofvalour on several occasions. No danger could ever daunt him or deterhim from his path of duty. Once a Brahmin came to the Guru andcomplained that his newly wedded wife had been snatched away fromhim by Pathans of Bassi, near Hoshiarpur. The Guru desired BabaAjit Singh to help the woe-afflicted Brahmin. Baba Ajit Singh tookwith him a band of brave Sikhs, marched upon Bassi during the nightand returned to Anandpur on the following morning with the Brahmin’swife and the offending Pathans. She was restorted to the Brahminand the Pathans were punished suitably.
When the Guru evacuated Anandpur on the night between the20th and 21st of December, 1704, and was treacherously attackedby the Mughals and the Hill-Chiefs, Baba Ajit Singh, with a partyof Sikhs, held up the enemy, while the rest were crossing the rainflooded Sirsa. When all had crossed the turbulent stream, he andhis companions followed and joined the main party.
Baba Ajit Singh accompanied the Guru to Chamkaur Sahib. Therehe died a Saint-soldier’s death on Poh 8, 1761 Bk./ December 22, 1704A.D.
1. Ajit’ means ‘unconquerable’.
Baba Jujhar Singh
Guru Gobind Singh’s second son, Baba Jujhar 1 Singh, was born to MataJito in Chet 1747 or March 1689. He, too, got the same training as hiselder brother. Like him, he accompanied the Guru to Chamkaur Sahib,where he died fighting against heavy odds, immediately after his elderbrother had done so, on December 22, 1704 A.D.
Baba Zorawar Singh
Guru Gobind Singh’s third son, Baba Zorawar 2 Singh, was born toMata Jito in November 1696. When the Guru and his party weretreacherously attacked on the bank of Sirsa stream, Baba Zorawar Singh,along with his younger brother, 3aba Fateh Singh, and their agedgrandmother, got separated from the Guru. They were betrayed by aBrahmin and made over to the Nawab of Sarhind. On the two brother’srefusal to embrace Islam, they were bricked alive and then beheadedon December 27, 1704. Baba Zorawar Singh was hardly eight, yearsof age at that time. 3
Baba Fateh Singh
Guru Gobind Singh’s fourth son, Baba Fateh 4 Singh, was born to MataJito in February 1699. As said above, he was bricked alive and thenbeheaded along with his elder brother on December 27, 1704. He wasthen less than six years of age.
Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib marks the site where the two Sahibzadasachieved victory over death, that is, where they were bricked and beheadedfor refusing to renounce their religion and embrace Islam.
1. ‘Jujhar’ means Tighter, warrior’.
2. Zorawar’ means ‘mighty, powerful’.
3. There is a difference of opinion about the names of the Guru’s sons who werekilled at Chamkaur and those executed at Sarhind. But the consensus of opinion isin favour of what has been said above, i.e. Baba Ajit Singh and Baba Jujhar Singh,the elder sons, who could accompany the Guru to the battlefied, died fighting atChamkaur on December 22, 1704, while Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh,the younger ones, were taken to Sarhind, where they were tortured and bricked upalive.and, finally, beheaded on December 22, 1 704.
4. The word ‘fateh’ means ‘victory’.