Painde Khan : Guru Har Gobind Ji

Guru HarGobind Ji had some paid Muslim soldiers in his army. Many adventurous and war loving Muslims wanted to enlist Ithem selves in his army. Once a group of Pathans came to the Guru, They requested him to take them into his service as paid soldiers.

Painde Khan had come along with that group^of Pathans. He was just a boy of sixteen; but he was a giant with a mascular body. His manly bearing, large eyes and strong body pleased the Guru. The Guru enlisted those Pathans in his army as paid soldiers. They were given weapons. They were put under training. Special arrangements were, however, made for the training of Painde Khan. He was sanctioned special diet. He was provided with every facility.

Painde Khan grew up to be a very strong man.

He was so powerful that he could even lift a horse on his body. He was a mighty wrestler. He was a good athlete. In the use of sword and arrow he was* superb. He was an excellent soldier. The Guru had made him a commander. Agood number of Pathan soldiers were put urider his command.

The Guru treated him very kindly. He had celebrated his marriage paying all the expenses.

He had built a good house for him at Hargobmdpur. He had been, often, receiving valuable presents from the Guru. The Guru treated him as his brother.

Painde Khan, too, was sincerely serving the Guru. In the battle of Amritsar, he and his Pathan soldiers fought very bravely against the Mughal troops sent by the Governor of Lahore. He, himself, killed many a Mughal soldiers. Again, he fought against the Mughal forces in the battle of Lahira. The Mughals forces were defeated and their generals were killed .

All those victories of the Guru turned the head of Painde Khan. As he had led the Guru’s troops in those victories, he began to feel that he had been the cause of Guru’s repeated victories.

He became so proud and vain that he boasted, “The credit of Guru’s success goes to me. Had I not been leading the Sikh troops, they would have fled from the field.” Those remarks were very insulting for the brave Sikhs.

When Guru Har Gobind heard about those

boasts of Painde Khan, he was greatly displeased.

Painde Khan was a paid soldier, but the Sikhs soldiers were fighting for their Guru. So, the Guru decided not to utilise PaindeKhan’s services in any future battle. Still he had a soft corner in his heart for Painde Khan.

It was through Guru’s efforts, that he had become an execellent soldier. The Guru had given him the love of a brother. So, the Guru did not stop giving him valuable presents. But it was decided not to utilise his services in any future battle.

One day, a devout Sikh presented to the Guru, a very fine horse, a hawk, a costly dress, and some weapons. The Guru gave the hawk to his son Gurditta. He gave all the other things to Painde Khan. The Guru said to him, “Keep all these things with you. Whenever you visit my court, you must be in proper dress. This costly dress and weapons should adorn your person and the fine horse should give you the ride.” Painde Khan accepted the presents. He thanked the Guru. He promised to do as directed by the Guru.

Painde Khan took the presents to his home. His son-in-law Usman Khan saw the presents. He asked him to give those costly presents to him.

Painde Khan refused to part with those presents.

He said to Usman Khan, ‘The Guru has ordered me to visit his Darbar wearing the dress and weapons and riding on this horse. So, I cannot give these things to you. The Guru will be vlery displeased if I give them to any body.”

But Usman Khan got all those things from his mother-in-law. Painde Khan had also stolen the hawk, given to Baba Gurditta. It had also reached Usman Khan’s house. The Guru came to know that the presents and the hawk had reached Usman Khan’s house. All those things were then in Usman’s possession.

The Guru, at once, sent for Painde Khan.

Painde Khan came in the presence of the Guru in a shabby dress. The Guru asked him, “Why have you come in the court without putting on the costly dress and weapons and without riding on the horse. Where are all the presents given to you.”?

Painde Khan folded his hands and said, “I swear that the presents are with me at my house.

As soon as I, received your order I raato you. I did not put on the dress and weapons fearing that it would take time. All the things are quite safe in my house.”

The Guru, then, asked him if he knew about the hawk given to Baba Gurditta. He, again, swore and said that he knew nothing about the hawk.

The Guru sent Bhai Bidhi Chand to bring all those things from Usman Khan’s house. Bhai Bidhi Chand found Usman Khan sleeping in his house. Without disturbing him, he took all the things including the horse and rode back to the Guru’s court. He placed all those things before the Guru.

Painde Khan had, then, nothing to say. But he did not feel sorry for his act of disobedience. He was not ashamed of swearing falsely before the Guru. He did not beg the Guru’s pardon. So, the Guru expelled him from the Darbar. Painde Khan got angry. He said to the Guru J shall go to the Emperor. I shall complain against you. You will suffer. I shall have my revenge. I shall show you, how Painde Khan beats your Sikh soldiers in the battle-field.” The Guru let him leave the court unharmed.

The quarrel between the Guru and his General Painde Khan provided an opportunity to the Guru’s enemies. The son of Chandu and the son of Prithia had always been waiting for such an apportunity. They made a common cause with Painde Khan. They flattered him saying that it was only due to his strength, courage and generalship that the Guru had defeated the Mughal forces repeatedly.

They went to Agra with Painde Khan. They prevailed upon the Emperor to give them sufficient troops. Painde Khan asserted that he would destroy the might of the Guru.

Shah Jahan also wanted to erase the insult of the previous repulsions of his forces at the Guru’s hand. The defeat of his forces in the previous expeditions against the Guru was rankling in his heart. He granted permission for an attack on the Guru. He ordered the Governors of Lahore and Jalandhar to help Painde Khan in his fight against the Guru.

The combined forces of the Governors, the soldiers of Painde Khan and Usman Khan and the Pathans of Bassi attacked Guru Har Gobind at Kartarpur. A fierce battle was fought. The Guru’s Sikhs showed their valour. They killed many soldiers of the invading forces. The Guru himself, killed the Governors of Lahore and Jalandhar with his sword. Finding that his troops were being cut into pieces in large number, Painde Khan brought his horse near the Guru. He challenged him saying, “Let us have the duel for the fate of the battle. Why should there be so much loss of life on both sides?”

The Guru cheerfully accepted his challenge. He even allowed him to avail the chance of attacking him first. Painde Khan, thus, attacked the Guru with his javelin. The Guru defended the brunt on his shield. He gave him another chance. Painde Khan took his horse to some distance. He, then, came with a great speed and gave a very forceful blow of his javelin. But this time, too, the Guru was alert to escape the brunt. The blow of the jevelin struck against the shield. The traitor Painde Khan grew nervous. The Guru had repulsed his two abortive attempts on his life. Painde Khan, then, suggested that both of them should alight from their respective horses and have a fight with swords. The Guru did not show any hitch. He agreed to the fight using swords. Both of the warriors alighted from their respective horses. The Guru asked Painde Khan to take first his turn of attacking him. Painde Khan did attack the Guru with his sword; but the Guru bore the brunt on the shield. He then gave him another chance. This time Painde Khan used all his skill of swords-manship and gave a powerful stroke; but the Guru defended himself. He, then, asked Painde Khan to be ready to have the taste of his sword saying, “Not like you Painde Khan, see! This is the way how sword is used.” There was no sign of anger in his eyes or on his face. He was as cool and calm as he used to be. He seemed to be giving a lesson in the skiful use of sword to Painde Khan.

Painde Khan could not defend himself. The Guru’s sword pierced through his body. He fell down on the ground. His head armour fell down.

The Guru went to him. He shielded his face against the sun. He said to Painde Khan, “You are parting for your onwards journey. Say your Kalma (Prayer)” Painde Khan slightly bowed and said, “Lord! Your sword is Kalma for me. I shall get a seat in heaven because of the stroke of your sword.” Tho Guru felt pity for Painde Khan. He prayed to God to grant peace to his soul.