Guru Teg Bahadur was the youngest son of Guru Har Gobind. Mata Nanaki was his blessed mother, who gave birth to him on April 1 ,1621 at Amritsar. Guru Har Gobind touched the feet of the child and predicted that the child would be fearless, courageous, spiritually adorable, defender of Dharma and a relentless fighter against cruetly and injustice. The prediction proved to be true.
Guru Teg Bahadur sacrificed his life’ to save the Dharma.
Different persons influenced Guru Teg Bahadur in moulding his personality. From his mother, he imbibed the tenderness of heart and love for devotion and solitude. His heart was so merciful and tender that he could not bear the sight of a naked and hungry child.
The occasion was the marriage of Baba Gurditta, the eldest brother of Guru Teg Bahadur. The marriage party was about to leave for Batala. The whole town of Amritsar seemed to have come to witness the festivities. Guru Teg Bahadur was then just, a child of four. Among the crowd of people, the child Guru saw a feeble bodied naked child.
He was so much overwhelmed with sympathy for the pathetic condition of the child, that he took off his dress. He, then, made him put on his dress.
He also gave him the golden bracelets, he was wearing. He came back naked and without the golden bracelets. Mata Nanaki saw him in such a state. She said, “Dear son! Where is your dress and where are the golden bracelets? The child Guru told his mother that he had covered the nakedness of a poor boy. He had given those things to him. The incident was a clear indication that the child would put curtain of his own person to save the honour of his countryjf the oppressors forcibly tried to unclothe her honour
From his father, Guru Har Gobind, he had inherited his wonderful physique, fearlessness, courage and the qualities of a saint- soldier. Baba Budda Ji trained him to be a skilful rider and an adept swordsman. Guru Teg Bahadur was onty fourteen year old, when he took part in the battle of Kartarpur. His father was so much impressed by his feats in the battle field, that he changed his name from Tyag Mai to Teg Bahadur.
Bhai Gurdas imparted the religious and spiritual training. Under his guidance, he began writing poetry. The excellence of his poetic calibre needs no proof. Guru Teg Bahadur daily attended the congregation at Darbar Sahib Amritsar. He listened to the Gurbani. He, himself, recited the Gurbani. The atmosphere of Darbar Sahib, the company of Bhai Gurdas and the influence of his mother made him attain the spiritual heights. He had full control over his mind. He was a man of peaceful disposition. Though he had accompanied his father in his warfares, he had also accompanied him in his hunting tours, his father had left his arms with him, yet he was infact a saint. He had no attachment to wealth. To him it was like the shade of a cloud, which lasts only for a short period.
His father asked him to make Bakala his residence. He obeyed without saying why. His father installed his grandson, Har Rai to the Gurugaddi. Not for once did he show any resentment. Guru Har Rai made Guru Har Krishan his successor, neither he, nor his mother Nanaki had the slightest protest All these things show that he was a saint of very high order. He was least after pelf and power.
He had witnessed the splendour of his father at Kiratpur. When he became the Guru, he adopted the same style of living, but that was essential to maintain the dignity of the Guru, who was called the True King by his followers.
Before becoming the Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur spent twelve long years in the village of Bakala.
His mother, his wife and some Sikhs were with him. There fie spent most of his time in imeditation and devotion to God. Being a householder he did attend to his duties lowards his family also. But it seemed that the long period of devotion and solitude was for attaining the spiritual heights. It was to perfect himself for the accomplishment of a supreme cause.
We see when he assumed the responsibility of the Guru, he preached, “Mind should be free from fear and the head be held high. One should not lose Dharma under the weight of oppressor’s tyranny.” He said, ‘Those who bear fear in their minds are cowards and those who frighten aFe fools”.